Nov 27, 2017

The Godfather of Contemporary Art in India: Subodh Gupta



As Jean Michel Basquiat was nicknamed the “Black Picasso,” many brilliant contemporary artists will earn the sobriquet of another’s name. Subodh Gupta, though now an institution in his own right, was once referred to as the “Damien Hirst of India.”His utilization of ready-mades and skull installations contributed to associations with the YBA artist, but Gupta rejected limiting analogy from the beginning: “I respect Damien Hirst, but I want people to accept me the way I am.” Through the 12th episode of Brilliant Ideas by Bloomberg and Hyundai, viewers are encouraged to explore the various aspects of Subodh Gupta who is recognized as one of the representative contemporary artists.

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  • He has survived fire, cancer and civil war, turning his love for his lost homeland of Kashmir into mind-blowing fantastical works. Our writer takes tea among his beehives and bonsai trees On a grubby stretch of Peckham Road, just down from a replica of Del Boy’s van from Only Fools and Horses, stands an old sausage factory. Inside are gardens, beehives , bonsai trees, tables covered in fresh rose petals and a room full of Japanese flower arrangements. Here, assistants labour painstakingly over some of the most eye-popping paintings being produced today. This is the home and studio of Raqib Shaw, a 45-year-old Indian artist, whose hyperreal and crazily detailed visions of gods, fairytales, impossible architecture and paradises lost and found, emerge in paintings and sculptures that can take up to three years to produce – even with the help of an eight-strong team (more if there’s an exhibition in the offing). Allegory of Memories through Monozukuri by Raqib Shaw. Photograph: Raqib Shaw, courtesy Pace Gallery Read more:
  • S tanley Martin Lieber (1922 - 2018) was born in New York city on December 28 in the year 1922. He grew up during the time of the great depression and his parents had to struggle to make ends meet. In 1939 when Lee was 17 years old. He joined Timely Comics as an office assistant. There, people used ink to draw comics and Lee was supposed to make sure the inkwells are filled as well as run small errands for senior staffs. "In those days [the artists] dipped the pen in ink, [so] I had to make sure the inkwells were filled", Lee recalled in 2009. "I went down and got them their lunch, I did proofreading, I erased the pencils from the finished pages for them". In 1941, Lee created the ‘Destroyer in Mystic Comics No. 6’, ‘Jack Frost in USA Comic No. 1’ and ‘Father Time in Captain America Comics No.6’. Due to some internal issues in the company and Lee’s creativity and enthusiasm, he was made the Interim Editor of the company when he was just 19 years old. In 1942, he joined the United States Army and served stateside in the Signal Corps during the second world war. He wrote manuals, training films and slogans for the military and was the given the title ‘playwright’ by the military. Lee joined back at Timely Comics in 1950s which was renamed as Atlas Comics. It was after this that Lee would go on to create some iconic universe in Marvel Universe. In association with his colleague Jack Kirby, Lee, created a team of superheroes called ‘Fantastic Four’ with superheroes - Mr. Fantastic, the team's leader, is able to stretch his body into all lengths, The Thing is a strong monster made from rock, Invisible Woman can generate power fields and make herself invisible, while the Human Torch can create fire. Also, together, they created ‘Hulk’, ‘Iron Man’, ‘Thor’, ‘Spider-Man, ‘X-Men’, ‘Doctor Strange’, etc. Throughout 1960s, he scripted, art-directed and edited most of Marvel's series while moderating the letters pages. He was also writing a monthly column, ‘Stan’s Soapbox’. One of Lee’s most iconic characters, Spiderman was created in 1971 which was also a story about the effect of drugs. The Comics Code Authority was against tit because of the portrayal of drugs was against the code. Lee and Goodman went ahead and published the story anyway. The character became very famous and Marvel was credited with promoting awareness against drug use. Later the CCA Scraped the Code and permitted negative depictions of drugs. Stan Lee was integral to the revolution that Marvel brought to in comics. His characters shared a flaw which made them more human and understanding. He portrayed superheroes who are not very different from the common people. He brought in characters that had human flaws and super heroes that worried about paying the bills and going to college. When Stan Lee started writing comics, he was embarrassed to write under his real name. he thought that it might affect his reputation when he writes the ‘The Great American Novel’. His pen name that he adopted was Stan Lee. Many years later, he legally changes his name from Stanley Martin Lieber to Stan Lee, his pen name. Lee later takes on the role of interim editor in early 1940s. Now we see Lee as someone who had a huge impact on the genre of comics. From being embarrassed about what he was doing to becoming the cornerstone of an age of heroes in comics. Stan Lee will always be remembered through his stories, characters and cameos. written for Artville by TOM J References:!date=1938-02-22_01:27:0 2!
  • The essence of his painting was the mystery. There is no way to interpret it other than in a way you see it. Pollock’s painting is an enigma that stands through time. Often, abstractionism is associated with the unconscious and maybe in his paintings, Pollock is suggesting the mystery of the human unconscious. When we look at Pollock's life, we see a young artist troubled and ruined by alcohol. Somehow the relationship with the city made Pollock more miserable with his life. He longed for the life that is set in the words of Thoreau. A life that was in touch with nature. Pollock's life can be made into segments based on the type of his works. Firstly, he was influenced by the Indian Traditional Art, then Mural works of great artists. When Picasso’s works became famous in America, Pollock experimented with Cubism. He then moved on to surrealism and was inspired by Russian social surrealism. He created his own style which later came to be known as the Drip Painting, a form of radical surrealism. Working with wet paint and huge canvases he somehow combined his experienced and expertise in different practices and gave way to a radical new movement. Early Life Paul Jackson Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming, in 1912. He was the youngest son of a family of Irish-Scottish descent. The family moved to San Diego when he was ten months old. He had a tough childhood. Pollock’s two older brothers also perused art. They encouraged him to move to New York. In 1930 Pollock moved to New York and took guidance under Regionalism painter Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League. Pollock was interested in the Mural Paintings of Old Masters. He spent a good amount of time observing muralists and there he picked up on unorthodox painting techniques. The Depression Era During the Depression, President Roosevelt initiated a program called the Public Works of Art Project. It was a factory that mass-produced paintings. Pollock and his Brother Sande both worked at the PWA. Many associates his depression with the loneliness he felt working at PWA. The PWA was not successful, the paintings were stored in a storeroom and later on, many of the works were burned. Some of Pollock’s first watercolour works were also burned and lost forever. The economic conditions in the USA were also in turmoil. The Great Depression and the war had an adverse effect on its people. The country was going through a hard time and in the in his early twenties, Pollock suffered a mental breakdown. He relied heavily on Alcohol and his depression. He started receiving treatment under various Jungian Psychoanalysts. The Drip Paintings In 1991 he met a young artist named Lee Krasner, a Jewish contemporary artist. Soon they fell in love and got married in 1994. This is also the time when art promoter Peggy Guggenheim showed interest in Pollocks works. The couple bought a farmhouse on long island and moved away from the city. This transformation from the bustling sad city of New York to the bosom of nature had a positive impact on his works and his life. It is here he created his drip paintings. He let the paint drip from his tools on to the canvas laid on the floor. In 1949 his show at the Betty Parsons Gallery was sold out. He found fame. And many critics argued that he was the best artist America has ever seen. Downfall This fame also led to his downfall. Many people called him a fraud for his unusual technique. The media got interested in his personal life. And eventually, even Pollock began to doubt his integrity as an artist after he started doing self-promotion videos and photographs. He slid back into alcoholism and people were eagerly waiting for his downfall. His personal life had several ups and downs. With his constant drinking and rage, he created a bad image for himself. His paintings slowly found fame but his life slowly faded. He got back to drinking and family problems. It was recorded that Pollock was in a depression in the late stages of his life, relying heavily on alcohol. An artist is also a person. We need not look too deeply into the personal life and they have no obligation to the public to lead a life that the society expects them too. Pollock was different. His art was his life, it had layers and layers of meaning but people took interest in his personal life rather than his paintings. Maybe his drinking was his way of suppressing his emotions from the world, just a shade that will eventually lead him to death. The reason why Pollock is credited to be one of the most famous artists in American history is that while most of the artists relied heavily on techniques that originated in Europe, Pollock did something very different. He set the canvas in motion with his flowing paint and marked an identity for himself in American art history. Learn more about Jackson Pollock: TATE: MoMA: Wikipedia: The Art Assignment:

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